C. Dlaska, K. Ender, G. B. Mbeng, A. Kruckenhauser, W. Lechner, R. van Bijnen Quantum optimization via four-body Rydberg gates,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 128 (2022-03-24),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.120503 doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.120503 (ID: 720749)
There is a large ongoing research effort towards obtaining a quantum advantage in the solution of combinatorial optimization problems on near-term quantum devices. A particularly promising platform for testing and developing quantum optimization algorithms are arrays of trapped neutral atoms, laser-coupled to highly excited Rydberg states. However, encoding combinatorial optimization problems in atomic arrays is challenging due to the limited inter-qubit connectivity given by their native finite-range interactions. Here we propose and analyze a fast, high fidelity four-body Rydberg parity gate, enabling a direct and straightforward implementation of the Lechner-Hauke-Zoller (LHZ) scheme and its recent generalization, the parity architecture, a scalable architecture for encoding arbitrarily connected interaction graphs. Our gate relies on onetime-optimized adiabatic laser pulses and is fully programmable by adjusting two hold-times during operation. We numerically demonstrate an implementation of the quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA) for a small scale test problem. Our approach allows for efficient execution of variational optimization steps with a constant number of system manipulations, independent of the system size, thus paving the way for experimental investigations of QAOA beyond the reach of numerical simulations.