M. K. Joshi, A. Fabre, C. Maier, T. Brydges, D. Kiesenhofer, H. Hainzer, R. Blatt, C. F. Roos Polarization-gradient cooling of 1D and 2D ion Coulomb crystals,
New J. Phys. 22 103013 (2020-06-29),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/abb912 doi:10.1088/1367-2630/abb912 (ID: 720512)
We present experiments on polarization gradient cooling of Ca+ multi-ion Coulomb crystals in a linear Paul trap. Polarization gradient cooling of the collective modes of motion whose eigenvectors have overlap with the symmetry axis of the trap is achieved by two counter-propagating laser beams with mutually orthogonal linear polarizations that are blue-detuned from the S1/2 to P1/2 transition. We demonstrate cooling of linear chains of up to 51 ions and 2D-crystals in zig-zag configuration with 22 ions. The cooling results are compared with numerical simulations and the predictions of a simple model of cooling in a moving polarization gradient.