C. Baroni, B. Huang, I. Fritsche, E. Dobler, G. Anich, E. Kirilov, R. Grimm, M. A. Bastarrachea-Magnani, P. Massignan, G. Bruun Mediated interactions between Fermi polarons and the role of impurity quantum statistics,
(2023-05-08),
arXiv:2305.04915 arXiv:2305.04915 (ID: 721077)
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The notion of quasi-particles is essential for understanding the behaviour of complex many-body systems. A prototypical example of a quasi-particle, a polaron, is an impurity strongly interacting with a surrounding medium. Fermi polarons, created in a Fermi sea, provide a paradigmatic realization of this concept. As an inherent and important property such quasi-particles interact with each other via modulation of the medium. While quantum simulation experiments with ultracold atoms have significantly improved our understanding of individual polarons, the detection of their interactions has remained elusive in these systems. Here, we report the unambiguous observation of mediated interactions between Fermi polarons consisting of K impurities embedded in a Fermi sea of Li atoms. Our results confirm two landmark predictions of Landau's Fermi-liquid theory: the shift of the polaron energy due to mediated interactions, linear in the concentration of impurities, and its sign inversion with impurity quantum statistics. For weak to moderate interactions between the impurities and the medium, we find excellent agreement with the static (zero-momentum and energy) predictions of Fermi-liquid theory. For stronger impurity-medium interactions, we show that the observed behaviour at negative energies can be explained by a more refined many-body treatment including retardation and molecule formation
G. Anich, R. Grimm, E. Kirilov Comprehensive Characterization of a State-of-the-Art Apparatus for Cold Electromagnetic Dysprosium Dipoles,
(2023-04-25),
arXiv:2304.12844 arXiv:2304.12844 (ID: 721078)
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We developed a new advanced ultra-cold Dysprosium (Dy) apparatus, which incorporates a quantum gas microscope (QGM) with a resolution of a quarter micrometer. The QGM and the cooling and trapping regions are within the same vacuum glass vessel assuring simple atom transport between them. We demonstrate the essential experimental steps of laser and evaporative cooling, lattice loading, transporting and precise positioning of a cloud of the bosonic isotope 164 Dy at the QGM focal plane. Preliminary basic characterization of the QGM and future plans in enabling its full capacity are outlined. We also present a feasible platform for simulating complex spin models of quantum magnetism, such as XYZ model, by exploiting a set of closely spaced opposite parity levels in Dy with a large magnetic and electric dipole moment. We isolate a degenerate isospin-1/2 system, which possesses both magnetic and electric dipole-dipole coupling, containing Ising, exchange and spin-orbit terms. The last gives rise to a spin model with asymmetric tunable rates, dependable on the lattice geometry.