S. Lu, J. Yu Stability of entanglement-spectrum crossing in quench dynamics of one dimensional gapped free-fermion systems,
Phys. Rev. A 99 (2019-03-25),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.99.033621 doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.99.033621 (ID: 720149)
In a recent work by Gong and Ueda (arXiv:1710.05289), the classification of (1+1)-dimensional quench dynamics for the ten Altland-Zirnbauer classes is achieved, and entanglement-spectrum crossings of the time-dependent states for the topological classes (AIII, DIII, CII, BDI, and D) are discovered as a consequence of the bulk-edge correspondence. We note that, their classification scheme relies on the limit that the energy spectrum of the post-quench Hamiltonian is flat, because any finite band dispersion leads to the break down of time-reversal and chiral symmetries for the parent Hamiltonian (which are used for the classification). We show that, because of the reduction of symmetry by finite energy dispersion, the gapless entanglement-spectrum crossing in the flat-band limit in classes AIII, DIII, and CII is unstable, and could be gapped without closing the bulk gap. The entanglement-spectrum crossing in classes BDI and D is still stable against energy dispersion. We show that the quench process for classes BDI and D can be understood as a Z2 fermion parity pump, and the entanglement-spectrum crossing for this case is protected by the conservation of fermion parity.