V. Krutianskii, M. R. Meraner, J. Schupp, V. Krcmarsky, H. Hainzer, B. P. Lanyon Light-matter entanglement over 50 km of optical fibre,
npj Quantum Information 5 72 (2019) (2019-08-27),
URL (ID: 720366)
When shared between remote locations, entanglement opens up fundamentally new capabilities for science and technology. Envisioned quantum networks use light to distribute entanglement between their remote matter-based quantum nodes. Here we report on the observation of entanglement between matter (a trapped ion) and light (a photon) over 50 km of optical fibre: two orders of magnitude further than the state of the art and a practical distance to start building large-scale quantum networks. Our methods include an efficient source of ion–photon entanglement via cavity-QED techniques (0.5 probability on-demand fibre-coupled photon from the ion) and a single photon entanglement-preserving quantum frequency converter to the 1550 nm telecom C band (0.25 device efficiency). Modestly optimising and duplicating our system would already allow for 100 km-spaced ion–ion heralded entanglement at rates of over 1 Hz. We show therefore a direct path to entangling 100 km-spaced registers of quantum-logic capable trapped-ion qubits, and the optical atomic clock transitions that they contain.