F. Kranzl, M. K. Joshi, C. Maier, T. Brydges, J. Franke, R. Blatt, C. F. Roos Controlling long ion strings for quantum simulation and precision measurements,
Phys. Rev. A 105 52426 (2022-05-18),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.105.052426 doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.105.052426 (ID: 720726)
Scaling a trapped-ion based quantum simulator to a large number of ions creates a fully-controllable quantum system that becomes inaccessible to numerical methods. When highly anisotropic trapping potentials are used to confine the ions in the form of a long linear string, several challenges have to be overcome to achieve high-fidelity coherent control of a quantum system extending over hundreds of micrometers. In this paper, we describe a setup for carrying out many-ion quantum simulations including single-ion coherent control that we use for demonstrating entanglement in 50-ion strings. Furthermore, we present a set of experimental techniques probing ion-qubits by Ramsey and Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) pulse sequences that enable detection (and compensation) of power-line-synchronous magnetic-field variations, measurement of path length fluctuations, and of the wavefronts of elliptical laser beams coupling to the ion string.